Basics on the Creation of Popular Print Types (Per Art Publishers Association)
Serigraphy: A serigraph is a stencil method of printmaking in which an image is imposed on a screen of silk or other fine mesh. Blank areas are coated with an impermeable substance, and ink or paint is then pulled through a fine silk or nylon screen onto the printing surface. In the process of silkscreen printmaking known as serigraphy, colors are printed one at a time, requiring the screens to be prepared for each color used. A hand-separated process is used to re-create the image if it is to be classified as an "original serigraph". Original serigraphs are typically created by the artist or in conjunction with printmakers or artisans under the artist's supervision.
Original Lithography: Invented in the late 18th century, stone or plate lithography uses an inked slab of limestone or a specially treated metal plate to transfer an image to paper. A hand-separated process is used to re-create the image if it is to be classified an "original lithograph". Colors are printed one at a time, requiring the stone or plate to be prepared for each color used. Original lithographs are typically created by the artist or in conjunction with printmakers or artisans under the artist's supervision.
Offset Lithography: In this printing process, an inked image on a metal or paper plate is transferred to a smooth rubber cylinder and then to paper. A photomechanical or digital process is used to re-create the image, which is run on a high-speed, automated press. Four- to eight-color printing presses are most commonly used, with all colors typically being printed at the same time. Touch plates or added color embellishments are common in offset lithography.
Giclee: A 20th-century digital print medium emanating from Iris print technology, "giclee" has become a generic term for a wide variety of digital print technologies found within the fine art market. Digital prints have found favor among artists and publishers because of accurate reproduction quality, print on demand capability and because the best giclee prints do not exhibit a digital signature, i.e., banding, dot patterns or other typical signs of commercial digital prints.
Canvas Transfer: A canvas transfer is a process where a print image on paper is transferred to and backed up with canvas. To accomplish this, a paper-backed print is laid on a table and coated with a formula of acrylics. The chemicals used integrate with the print inks and, over a two-day period, are given a chance to cure between applications. The next day the coated print is put into a bath of chemicals and water is allowed to soak. At the time that the acrylics and inks (which are one) begin to separate from the paper, the wet print is removed from the tank. It is then laid on a table where the acrylics are peeled away from the paper. The wet, blank piece of paper is thrown away. At this point, the film, which is a thousandandths of an inch thick, is hand applied to a prepared canvas. Canvas transfers are durable and can be cleaned with warm water and mild soap if necessary. Permission of the copyright owner is required before a canvas transfer can be created.
We offer a large selection of Prints & Posters, available framed or unframed.
For Museum or Contemporary Art prints - the list of artists goes on and on - Monet, van Gogh, Renoir, Degas, Michelangelo, Raphael, Botticelli, Waterhouse, Matisse, Bouguereau, E.B. Leighton, Dicksee, Manet, Bonnard. Just let us know what you're looking for and we'll help you search for it.
For Scenic & Sports prints - we offer the fine Rob Arra Collection® - over 200 Panoramic Stadium and Scenic prints. Rob Arra is known as one of the premier panoramic sports photographers in the world and his work is featured in frame shops, memorabilia galleries, and Sports Hall of Fames around the world.